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What if gentrification was about healing communities instead of displacing them? | Liz Ogbu


I grew up in a family
of social scientists, but I was the weird child who drew. (Laughter) From making sketches of the models
in my mom’s Sears catalog … to a bedroom so full of my craft projects that it was like my own
personal art gallery, I lived to make. I don’t think anyone in my family
was surprised when I became an architect. But to be honest with you, the real foundation
of the architect I became was not laid in that bedroom art gallery but by the conversations
around my family’s dinner table. There were stories of how people
lived and connected to one another, from the impact of urban migration
on a village in Zambia to the complex health care needs of the homeless
in the streets of San Francisco. Now, it would be fair if you’re looking over at your seatmate and wondering, “What the hell
does that have to do with architecture?” Well, all of these stories involved space and how it did or didn’t accommodate us. The fact is, we share some of our deepest connections in physical space. And our stories play out, even in this crazy age
of texting and tweeting, in physical space. Unfortunately, architecture
hasn’t done a great job of telling all of our stories equally. Too often, we see the building
of monuments like the Gherkin or even Trump Tower … (Laughter) that tell the story of the haves
rather than the have-nots. Throughout my career, I’ve actively resisted the practice of building monuments
to certain peoples’ stories — usually white, male, rich — and bulldozing other peoples’ stories — usually people of color from low-income communities. I’ve tried to create a practice that is rooted in elevating the stories of those who have
most often been silenced. That work — it’s been a mission in spatial justice. (Applause) Now, spatial justice
means that we understand that justice has a geography, and that the equitable distribution
of resources, services and access is a basic human right. So what does spatial justice look like? Well, I’d like to share a story with you. For years, I’ve been working in the historically
African-American neighborhood of Bayview Hunters Point in San Francisco, on a plot of land
that once held a power plant. Back in the ’90s, a community group led by mothers
who lived in the public housing on the hill above the plant fought for its closure. They won. The utility company finally tore it down, cleaned the soil and capped most of the site with asphalt so that the clean soil wouldn’t blow away. Sounds like a success story, right? Well, not so fast. You see, because of various issues
like land entitlements, lease agreements, etc., the land actually couldn’t be redeveloped
for at least five to 10 years. What that meant is that this community that had been living
near a power plant for decades, now had 30 acres of asphalt
in their backyard. To put that in context for you, 30 acres is equal
to about 30 football fields. Now, the utility company
didn’t want to be the bad guy here. Recognizing that they owed the community, they actually put out a call for designers to propose temporary uses for this site, hoping to turn it into a community benefit rather than blight. I’m part of the diverse team of designers
that responded to that call, and for the last four years, we’ve been collaborating
with those mothers and other residents, as well as local organizations
and the utility company. We’ve been experimenting
with all types of events to try and address issues
of spatial justice. Everything from job training workshops to an annual circus to even a beautiful, new shoreline trail. In the four years
that we’ve been operational, over 12,000 people have come
and done something on this site that we hope has transformed
their relationship to it. But lately, I’m starting to realize
that events are not enough. A few months ago, there was a community meeting
in this neighborhood. The utility company was finally ready
to talk concretely about long-term redevelopment. That meeting was kind of a disaster. There was a lot of yelling and anger. People asked things like, “If you’re going
to sell it to a developer, wouldn’t they just build
luxury condos like everyone else?” And “Where has the city been?” “Why aren’t there more jobs
and resources in this neighborhood?” It was not that our events
had failed to bring joy. But in spite of that,
there was still pain here. Pain from a history
of environmental injustice that left many industrial
uses in this neighborhood, leaving residents living near toxic waste and, literally, shit. There’s pain from the fact that this zip code still has
one of the lowest per capita income, highest unemployment and highest incarceration rates in a city which tech giants
like Twitter, Airbnb and Uber call home. And those tech companies — hm — they’ve actually helped to trigger
a gentrification push that is rapidly redefining
this neighborhood, both in terms of identity and population. Now let me pause for a moment
to talk about gentrification. I suspect for a lot of us,
it’s kind of like a dirty word. It’s become synonymous
with the displacement of poor residents from their neighborhood by wealthier newcomers. If you’ve ever been displaced, then you know the agony
of losing a place that held your story. And if you haven’t experienced this, then I’m going to ask you to try
and imagine your way into it right now. Think about what it would be like
to find your favorite local spot, a place where you often went and hung out
with the old-timers or your friends, had vanished. And then you get home, and you find a letter
from your landlord, saying that your rent’s been doubled. The choice to stay — it’s not yours to make. You no longer belong in your home. And know that this feeling
you’re feeling right now, it would be the same regardless of whether or not the person
who harmed you meant to do so. Developer Majora Carter once said to me, “Poor people don’t hate gentrification. They just hate that they rarely get
to hang around long enough to enjoy its benefits.” Why is it that we treat culture erasure
and economic displacement as inevitable? We could approach development with an acknowledgment
of past injustices — find value not only in those new stories but the old ones, too. And make a commitment to build
people’s capacity to stay — to stay in their homes, to stay in their communities, to stay where they feel whole. But to do this rethink, it requires looking
at those past injustices and the pain and grief
that is interwoven into them. And as I started to reflect
on my own work, I realized that pain and grief
have been recurring themes. I heard it early on
in the Bayview Hunters Point project when a man named Daryl said, “We’ve always been
set aside like an island — a no-man’s-land.” I also heard it in Houston, when I was working on a project
with day laborers. And as Juan told me stories
of being robbed of his wages many times on the corner in which he stood every day to earn a living to support his family, he asked, “Why can’t anyone see
the sacredness of this site?” You know, you’ve seen the pain, too. From campaigns around statue removals
in Charlottesville and New Orleans … to towns that have lost
their industrial lifeblood and are now dying, like Lorain, Ohio and Bolton, England. We often rush to remake these places, thinking that we can ease their pain. But in our boundless desire to do good, to get past all of our mistakes, to build places that hold possibility, we often maintain a blissful ignorance of a landscape filled
with a very long trail of broken promises and squelched dreams. We are building on top of brokenness. Is it any wonder
that the foundations cannot hold? Holding space for pain and grief
was never part of my job description as an architect — after all, it’s not expedient, focused on beauty, and hell, even requested by my clients. But I’ve seen what happens
when there’s space for pain. It can be transformational. Returning to our story, when we first started working
in the neighborhood, one of the first things we did was go out and interview the activists
who had led the fight to close the plant. We consistently heard and felt from them
a sense of impending loss. The neighborhood was already changing, even back then. People were leaving or dying of old age, and with those departures,
stories were being lost. To those activists, no one was going to know
the amazing things that had happened in this community, because to everyone on the outside, it was the ghetto. At worst, a place of violence; at best, a blank slate. Neither was true, of course. So my colleagues and I,
we reached out to StoryCorps. And with their support, and that of the utility company, we built a listening booth on our site. And we invited the residents to come and have their stories
recorded for posterity. After a few days of recording, we held a listening party where we played clips, much like what you hear
on NPR every Friday morning. That party — it was one of the most amazing
community meetings I’ve ever been a part of. In part because we didn’t
just talk about joy but also pain. Two stories that I remember well — AJ talked about what it was like
to grow up in the neighborhood. There was always a kid to play with. But he also spoke with sadness of what it was like to first be stopped
and questioned by a police officer when he was 11. GL also talked about the kids, and the ups and downs of the experience
of living in this neighborhood, but he also spoke with pride of some of the organizations
that had sprung up to provide support and empowerment. He wanted to see more of that. By holding space
to first express pain and grief, we were then able
to brainstorm ideas for a site — amazing ideas that then became the seeds
of what we did over the next four years. So why the radically
different meeting now? Well … the pain and grief woven into these spaces
was not created in a day. Healing also takes time. After all, who here thinks you can
go to therapy just once and be cured? (Laughter) Anyone? I didn’t think so. In retrospect, I wish that we had held
more listening sessions, not just joyful events. My work’s taken me all over the world, and I have yet to set foot
in a place where pain didn’t exist and the potential for healing was absent. So while I’ve spent my career
honing my skills as an architect, I realize that I’m now also a healer. I suppose this is the point in the talk
where I should be telling you those five steps to healing, but I don’t have the solution — yet. Just a path. That being said, there are a few things
I have learned along the way. First — we cannot create cities for everyone unless we’re first willing
to listen to everyone. Not just about what they hope
to see built in the future but also about what has been
lost or unfulfilled. Second — healing is not just for “those people.” For those of us with privilege, we have to have a reckoning
with our own guilt, discomfort and complicity. As non-profit leader
Anne Marks once observed, “Hurt people hurt people; healed people heal people.” And third — healing is not about the erasure of pain. We often have a tendency to want
to put a clean slate over our pain, much like that asphalt on the soil
in Bayview Hunters Point. But it doesn’t work that way. Healing is about acknowledging pain and making peace with it. One of my favorite quotes
says that healing renews our faith in the process of becoming. I stand here before you
as an architect-healer because I’m ready to see
what I can become, what my community and those
that I work with can become, and what this country, and frankly, this world can become. And I was not meant
to take that journey alone. I believe that many of you are unhappy
with the way that things are now. Believe that it can be different. I believe that you all are
far more resilient than you think. But the first step requires courage. The courage to see each other’s pain, and to be willing
to stay in the presence of it, even when it gets uncomfortable. Just imagine the change
that we can make together if we all committed to that. Thank you. (Applause)

Glenn Chapman

100 Comments

  1. My view was purely to dislike the video. TedTalks has turned into one giant libtard

  2. All these knee jerking rightist snowflakes make a lovely dance hall chorus line. It would be funny if you weren't too stupid to listen to the message. As Ron White said, "You can't fix stupid." He was talking about you all. I bet most of you didn't even listen to any of the presentation. What a missed opportunity to learn something. But I know you don't want to risk your bubbles.

  3. ➰. وقفة مع النفس .➰

    …🔛…ذات مرة كان هناك ملك قاسٍ وظالم جداً إلى درجة جعلت رعيته يتوقون إلى موته أو خلعه عن عرشه ، لكنه فاجأ الجميع ذات يوم بإعلانه عن قراره ببدء صفحة جديدة ، فوعد الجميع قائلاً : لا مزيد من القسوة والظلم..!! وبدآ ملكاً صالحاً وفقاً للكلمة الّتي أعطاها للشعب ، فأصبح معروفاً بالملك الطيب ،،،

    بعد مرور أشهر على تحوله هذا تجرأ أحد وزرائه على سؤاله عن سبب تغيره..؟! ، فأجاب الملك : " بينما كنت أتجول في غاباتي على صهوة حصاني ، رأيت كلباً مسعوراً يطارد ثعلباً ، هرب الثعلب إلى حفرته لكن بعد أن عضه الكلب في ساقه وشلها بشكل دائم ، ذهبت فيما بعد إلى قرية ورأيت ذلك الكلب المسعور هناك ، كان ينبح في وجه أحد الرجال ، وبينما كنت أراقب إلتقط الرجل حجراً كبيراً وألقاه على ذلك الكلب فكسر ساقه ، لم يمض الرجل بعيداً قبل أن يرفسه حصان ويحطم ركبته ليصبح مقعداً ، بدأ الحصان بالعدو لكنه وقع في حفرة وكسرت ساقه ، تأملت في كل ما حدث وفكرت الشر يولد شراً ، وإذا واصلت أساليبي الشريرة فلا شك أن الشر سينال مني يوماً ، لذلك قررت أن أتغير ،،،

    ذهب الوزير مقتنعاً بأن الأوان قد آن للإنقلاب على الملك والإستيلاء على العرش وبينما كان غارقاً في أفكاره تلك ، لم يكن يرى خطواته أمامه فسقط أرضاً وكُسِر عنقه..!!

    ​…🔚…في وقتٍ ما يجب أن يقف كل منا وقفة حساب مع نفسه ، وقفة صادقة يعرف فيها أخطائه ومحاسنه ويقوم بالتغيير للأفضل ،،،​
    https://t.me/reading_life
    ┈┅•٭ ​إنــتــهــت​ ٭•┅┈

  4. I got hot sauce in my dickhole. Fcki g burns! Almost burns as much as this progressive LGBTQhagdbeoy pro ted talk just by the title. I cant bear to watch this on assumption of what i know she will talk about. Please ted. Don't turn SJW progressive LGBQT on us. You are suppost to be intelligent critical thinkers. Not subjectors

  5. Spatial justice? Equal distribution of resources, services, and access is a basic human right? Sorry, but that's idealism on stilts. Equality of outcome can only be accomplished through tyranny.

  6. Gentrification is a larger problem within itself. It’s the culture and people’s view of money which causes these bad neighborhoods. They were once built fresh and new, but no. People decided to use their money on drugs and materialistic things. Never did they ever think about simple investing in there own communities.

  7. suprise suprise, no ones going around building buildings that they will lose money on, shocking I know

  8. Thank you. I really enjoyed your talk. I especially appreciated your attention to spatial justice and the way a place can bear a brokenness that requires witnesses. I look forward to hearing more from you.

  9. I guess I can get this a little bit. It sucks seeing chain stores come in and shutdowm ma and pa stores. It also sucks when the oilfield comes back strong and rent shoots up.

  10. "What if gentrification was about healing communities?"
    You'd still call it racist.

  11. Spacial Justice?
    What does that even mean?
    This ride we call life,is just getting too freakin strange….

  12. "Equitable distribution of resources" also known as "From each according to his ability, to each according to his need" – Karl Marx.

    Fantastic way to destroy any and all motivation to succeed.

  13. Try google imaging her architecture, all I could find was a day labor station which looks like a carport attached to a shipping container.

  14. WARNING: This comment section is a right-wing minefield of ignorance. Of course.

  15. I don't have a problem with left ideas because I'm more left leaning myself I seek out and like to hear from competent right wing people as well because sometimes they bring up a good point I wouldn't have come to myself, and TED used to be not so biased before.

    Not that I'm against this type of bias (liked the talk but I don't know enough about gentrification to form an opinion on the subject), but I'm against bias in general and there are a LOT of left wing media outlets out there so I want to hear some right wing people.

    That way I, and others, can come to our own perspective with a level field of information.

    I mean I guess this can be the left idea channel if that's what they stand for, (nothing wrong with that) but maybe someone else should create a equal opposite.

    Right now there's the alt right and Fox news so no actual competent, sane, not racist right wing people have a decent platform to speak from.

  16. Some cultures tear down their own neighborhoods. Gentrification counters that.

  17. I'm a white man who has lived in black neighborhoods in DC for about twenty years and all of the three places I've lived in, I've seen with my own eyes be gentrified by Whites and Asians. This is what I've seen. Black home owners see their homes go for about $200,000 to about $700,000 sometimes in just a year or less. One black woman, a grandmother once describe this to me as money from heaven as her entire retirement and more was instantly achieved for doing nothing. I've seen a black culture who was sick of pavement, iron and steal move into the suburbs with green lawns and tress in Maryland or Virginia. The black people that didn't own homes (Most) were at odds with the ones who did. They would say you're selling out our culture. The home owners would say culture of what? Theft, murder and drugs? The older home owners wanted nothing to do with this "Culture" So they moved into the suburbs, into white area's and as time went on their culture in DC was destroyed. And as time went on the culture in the white areas was destroyed as black on white gentrification took over. What would happen to the white grandmother counting on her home as her retirement? Her house value plummeted as the crime rates sky rocketed. So from what I've seen the DC gentrification was hard on poor black people and middle class white people but VERY good for black home owners who were given middle class on a silver platter.

  18. What if TED was about technology, science, design and other stuff that were part of the original idea instead of identity politics.

  19. ok, listen the video, one comment, a lot of people does not care about pain and feelings they want to be better and for that you need pain and new things, you dont want pain=you dont want to be better

  20. Step 1 – fight to close the plant
    Step 2 – 5:30 "Why isn't there more jobs in the community?"

  21. Thanks for the 15 minutes of platitudes and buzzwords!

    First of all, let me get this straight. A utility company allows people to temporarily use their property during a period where they can’t sell the land and then after sed period expires, you are mad that they are going to sell the land. Be more entitled.

    Second of all, could you please explain what you mean by people who have been “silenced”. I guarantee that is just a buzzword that you could not explain if your life depended on it.

    Third of all, if you don’t want your rent doubled, buy your own property or move. The fact that you think renters have any claim to the property they are temporarily allowed to inhabit is just ridiculous.

    Fourth of all, I’m white and I have been questioned by police for no reason. It’s not the end of the world. Get over it.

    Fifth of all, the ghetto is a place of violence! Are you kidding me? What are we just going to sit here and pretend like people aren’t getting murdered at exorbitantly higher rates than the rest of the country?

  22. Okay first of all, in a poc in a low income community, and to be honest I'm sick and tired of people indicating we need hand outs. How about, people work for what they want instead of staying in broken neighborhoods and owning up to their own failings? How about people, adults, take responsibility for their own actions?

  23. WTF has this got to do with a architect, which is what this stupid woman claims to be? She's bleating on like a social scientist blaming everything on white rich men and the patriarchy, what an absolute load of rubbish. She's a SJW in disguise, architects don't decide what's to be built, they just draw up the plans to specific specifications, that's all they are qualified to do. She claims she's now a 'healer'! Oh yeah who says so? Only her, the reality is she's just another crazy black feminist nut job. TED has an endless supply, I heard he keeps them enslaved under the stage!

  24. I get what she's saying: it is useless to solve a housing problem of the wealthy and educated by making all of the poor homeless in the process. There needs to be a middle ground, maybe a more gradual "gentrification".

  25. especially the second half was so post modern, I didn't understand a thing even though I know the words.

  26. Spacial Justice. We’re now fighting space, ladies and gentlemen… Space…
    This battle will be costly, but even the vast emptiness of our universe will learn to submit to the power of the dar -oh I mean SJW.

  27. What if TED was about facts and science instead of pushing a Liberal agenda?

  28. Don’t know bout the US, but in Germany that’s exactly the case. The target is to increase living standards and by that people actually get less criminal.
    We don’t do it from the pseudo sjw pov though. This talk was really empty, ideas not even worth uploading.

  29. I can find no justification for “spacial justice”. The reason there are no jobs or resources is because of high crime. It is basic cause and effect. Hating the police doesn’t help either.

  30. Jhhez just go away. Trying to earn money through virtue signalling

  31. O mundo é tão grande, pra você pensar no tamanho de um prédio e sentir inveja. TED está cada vez pior

  32. you had a powerplant that had jobs, you complained, they shut it down…and now you complain there are no jobs. be careful what you ask for…you may just get it?

  33. She seems to be missing a basic fact, that gentrification is inexorably linked to property value.
    Gentrification is about making an area nicer, better place. It's fixing the buildings, fixing the infrastructure, adding features like parks and businesses, removing unwanted thing like that power plant. All of these thing will absolutely end up raising the property value, including rent.
    If property developers spend extra to gentrify the area they will recover that cost by adding extra to the sale price of the property.
    If landlords spend extra to gentrify the area they will recover that cost by adding extra to the rent of the property.
    If councils spend extra to gentrify the area they will recover that cost by adding extra to the property tax. (Which owners will pass on by charging more for the rent and sale)
    The only way to gentrify an area is if every single landlord, property developer, estate agent, and council all agree to shoot themselves in the wallet by keeping the prices artificially low. I sure any sane person can see why that's not going to happen.
    You could get the council to make a law saying that rent etc must stay low but no one's going to bother spending money to gentrify a place if they can't see some return on investment.
    The only way to gentrify a place but not end up forcing the current residents out is to have those residents get all the new jobs that may be created. (ie instead of being replaced by higher earners they become those higher earners) However it's not hard to see that any jobs created by new businesses are likely to be well under the number of residents, so people would still be forced to leave.

    In short: poor people can only afford to live in poor areas, it's just a sad fact of life. If you take a poor area and increase it's value then poor people will no longer be able to afford to live there. You cannot increase the value of the area while also keeping the value the same, it's logically and economically impossible.

  34. There was very little need for race to be mentioned in this talk. This is yet another example of something that could perhaps contain a good meaning or idea but is ruined by a ridiculous agenda

  35. Such mawkish sentiment. If it was your home you would own it. No one should ever delude themselves into thinking a rental property is a place of permanence. That is unjust to the property's TRUE owners.

  36. I would rather money be spent to train poor and working class people to become registered nurses, mechanics, electricians, plumbers, etc, rather than throwing money into renewing low income housing.

  37. Gentrification is about healing communities. When a community is all low-income housing it destroys the local economy and the jobs will move further and further away and the crime rate will go up as unemployment surges. This happens when local stores have a change of owner and no one dares to buy a business in an area with rising crime and low employment. Now when you look for a job you will need a car, or have to take multiple buses to get there, raising the bar to enter the workforce. If we let a community get to this point one of the best remedies is to redevelop the area. Move out the people who are stuck in a vicious cycle, and bring in money and up the earning potential of the area. Low income ghettos are not sick, they are the disease. And every part of a city suffers when anyone of its parts are stuck in a downward spiral.

  38. EVIL EVIL White people .. best if people of color go back to people-of-color land .. stop invading others HOMES !

  39. More social justice idiocy from TED.

    I miss when they used to have good talks.

  40. I do by the way advocate free stuff for everyone and 90% taxes (not only because I got stuff and expect a majority of people to then get others stuff but because it will allow more agency to the recipients (finding the way to job interview with segregation and American levels of public transport might be a challenge)).

  41. So, dragging middle class communities to 3rd world country status is better… got it.

  42. TED, you need to listen to what your audience is asking for. I love these sociology videos but your viewers want more science and technology. You will lose your audience if you ignore them. Take a break from sociology videos or release them less often.

  43. This comment thread is a microcosm of the problem: oblivious people who don't understand "systemic" issues because those issues don't affect them, and the system perpetuates… I mean, if MILLIONS of people are saying the same thing, if the statistics bear out their complaints… I understand that if you benefit from this system, basic human nature makes it hard to let go of those privileges. At some point in this experiment, though, we have to realize that it's possible for the tide to lift all boats.

  44. "Your rent is doubled" means "you aren't welcome in your own home"
    I've never heard of people paying rent for something they own. It's not good that people have to move but rent controlled property isn't permanent for residents because they aren't owners.

  45. I hate the overuse of the word "healing" currently going on.

  46. I see no problem with the issues she brings up. You're not entitled to cheap rent…

  47. The crazy thing is when I was in middle school, living in very rural area, and didn't completely understand gentrification was, I thought they were talking about this! Hearing phrases like 'cleaning up and bettering the neighborhood', this is what I thought they were talking about. It just doesn't make sense to me to kick out the longest residing people in any town or city.

  48. Well if you want healing then everyone without exception has to be on board with the cause.

  49. There's problems here. What Ms. Ogbu is asserting something like ownership rights for people who don't own the property. She's defending the right of urban blight to exist in the name of "local character". If you read between the lines, she is describing dying neighborhoods and resisting what used to be called "redevelopment".

    If people can negotiate an agreement with those who DO own the property, well and good. No issue with that. But you have to own the property to decide what happens to it. You don't get to collectivize it.

    I was also confused about Ms. Ogbu's "doubling rent" comment. I thought San Francisco, like all large urban centers was rent-controlled. Landlords shouldn't be able to arbitrarily raise rent on a tenant just because a tech company has moved in and housing is in demand. Generally they can only do it when a tenant moves out, which is why rent control drives drives rents up faster and higher than would occur otherwise. Rising expenses for a large pool of housing which can only be expressed through a small subset of that housing.

  50. can anybody tell me something concrete that she proposed? aren't architects supposed to be all about making concrete plans?
    I had a few thoughts during the first half of where she might be going with her talk, but she never really went anywhere. she seems more sincere than many politicians, but she talks as vapidly as the worst of them.
    from the title I thought that this was going to be about gentrification-ish construction work somehow redesigned for the people already living there, to upgrade the neighbourhoods with architechture/infrastructure, but for the people already living there. having watched the video, the actual title of the video sounds like totally meaningless woo-woo. "healing" is pretty much the narrowest definition she provides of what she wants to do. with the obvious red flag of the complete lack of substance kn her speech, I'm getting the sense that her "healing" is to city planning or sociology what "alternative medicine" is to real medicine – wilfully unscientific bullshit!

    not only does she not make any comprehensible points, she doesn't even start by explaining how the process of gentrification works, which would be necessary to start any discussion about improving the process or creating a practical alternative to it.

    how is this not TEDx at best?!

  51. **It breaks my heart to see another beautiful accomplished black woman playing the victim card. It seems even in 2018 we can't move past the slave's mindset of second class citizenship and dependents on someone else for the state of our lives. We still demand white people bring us jobs, and let "Pookie and nim" out of jail. I make a one hour commute each way daily for my job, and feel comfortable that with criminals in jail my my Amazon Prime boxes are at my door when I get home … I'm just sayin'.**

  52. I clicked the video to watch the ad and dislike and comment.🔕🔇⛓⚔⚰

  53. I think she's saying that instead of pouring money into a community to make money (high rises, expensive condos, etc), she's saying to put money into a community to make it better. That can be done in many ways like beautifying the area or inviting business (petting zoo, health clinic, grocery store, etc) that can enrich the community from the inside by hiring from within said community and allowing money to flow not just out of the community, but into it as well. In the case of beautifying places, those can easily be spaces for holding events that can help recoup revenue. I think people are hearing her and thinking that she wants people to build at a loss. I would like them to listen again and consider that maybe by providing something that a community is lacking/wanting, they could benefit more than just themselves.

  54. Ever tried to tell a pregnant woman what it's like to be pregnant or explain what she is going through from a male perspective? Listening to these triggered individuals who seriously are lacking in the emotional intelligence department is like that. No real education on the subject matter just regurgitated algorithms. It is cool though spew another mans agenda and continue to be apart of the problem.

  55. Wow, those were 15 minutes of my life that I've wasted. What did I learn? This talk can be summed up as:
    "Healing renews our faith in the process of becoming" said the "architect-healer" when describing "Spatial Justice".
    Which is to say nothing. Just some fluff, nice sounding gibberish that actually does not convey anything.
    The only message that came across was "Listen to people when addressing public concerns", which is both self-evident and problematic because angry people shout a lot of nonsense.

  56. Very typical. Talk about all the problems "others" perpetrate upon the resource-poor, while offering no solutions. Stop telling others to solve these problems. Stop wasting time preparing 15 minute speeches, and go do something to help these people. They don't need your talk – they need your action. Those who can't – talk. Those who can – do. Go do.

  57. If you don't own it you can bet that some day it will be sold . You can buy it or leave . This is not socialism .

  58. why is it when blacks move into a neighborhood it's inclusion & diversity, but when European Americans move in its gentrification? why are lowlife blacks good, but upward middle class European Americans bad? This woman is a racist.

  59. Great talk! Nevertheless POC will always have to sound white (literally if I were blind I would imagine that this speaker was a white women) in order to be listened to and taken seriously.

  60. Was this video part of a contest to plug the largest amount of leftist buzzwords in the shortest amount of time? She just forgot the word empowerment.

  61. While the downside of this presentation and idea is that we have yet to see the fruits of these endeavors, I strongly believe this is heading in the right direction. The problem with gentrification (developing a neighborhood to "middle class" standards) is that it often comes from outside forces. These people do not understand the existing community and only want to start making a profit in three years time, with little to no care about what happens fifteen years from completion of the project. If you include the locals, or give local leaders and businesses some help, then they have greater potential to create a built environment that can grow monetarily and culturally at the same time, while also allowing the locals to grow with it.

  62. What a beautiful TED talk! And as a previous architecture student this really drove home a point that I don't think gets taught often enough in architecture schools. The answer to community redesign has nothing to do with how attractive or powerful a design statement you make, but how you treat the community you are designing for. You should be in service to the community you are working within, whether on a single building or the redevelopment of an entire site. Bravo Liz <3

  63. I was in my vacation bible school and we were learning about building a city with god for god and the teach asked the class what do we need in our city I raised my hand and said affordable housing

  64. Lol how so many people could not like this. Fabulous, heartfelt talk

  65. 40 years ago: black people took over the white neighborhoods in NYC. stop acting like victims.

  66. Preserving the ghettos and hoods isn’t social justice, it’s ignorant and as racist as gentrification is accused of

  67. This nonsense was just painful to listen to. And she has the nerve to sound smug like she's actually saying something intelligent.

    First off, it is not the job of developers to build anyones "capacity to stay." You need help that bad? Get assistance from the government. Also, it's not technically your home if you're renting it.

    What are these "past injustices" and "pain and grief"? You mean from being the victims of violent crime or robbery? Healing from what? Stuff that all of a sudden is important now? The day laborer being robbed on the corner has nothing to do with the re-development of land. Neither does the kid that was stopped by the police.

    How about instead of wasting time at these "listening parties," people actually get to work or go to school? This place for "pain and grief" that she keeps bragging about isn't gonna bring money into your community. If they need somewhere to vent, I hear YouTube is a pretty good venue.

    And yes, I consider myself a RELATIVELY privileged person. But no, I have no guilt, discomfort or complicity over buying a brand new car and living in the suburbs because I earned it by working my butt off to get into reputable schools and get a decent salary. I didn't just sit there and complain about growing up in da hood.

  68. Gentrification shows who concentrated on being just meeting the bar… Who gets caught up in this? Some people who have disabilities. But their story is about the lack of proper mental institutes. IMHO.

  69. Gentrification sounds like a great idea, the problem is poor planning. You cant take away the source of jobs and replace it with expensive homes. You have to have a formula. Assume that the renter or owner will be making livable wage and walking on foot. That's where you start. Are there jobs close by? If they got to travel to a whole other town or city. Or work 3 or more jobs, it sounds like a bad idea.

  70. The Americas have been colonized by gentrifiers. To end the visious cycle of human displacement, we have to remodel American society into an all inclusive one. Socialism and Communism provide sound roadmaps toward that goal.

  71. The golden goose was killed. The power plant that the rich didn't want to live by and provided low income jobs was removed. Actions had consequences.

  72. I think the biggest surprise for your family is that you didn't become a man.

    PS. When you rent it's NOT REALLY YOUR HOME or your property. It's just a f*kin rental! Real property/homeowners LOVE gentrification. Crazy right?!

  73. I love within the first 20 seconds of this clip she opened up with the stereotypical cliche Millennial BS of I'm such a special and quirky unique snowflake .

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